FGV presents work on social mobilization and sexual and reproductive rights in Norway
Marta Machado, a professor from FGV’s Sao Paulo Law School (Direito SP), presented the findings of a research project on the mobilization in favor and against abortion in Brazil at the seminar ‘Abortion lawfare and the right wing in Brazil’, within the panel ‘Are you concerned about the future of human rights in Brazil,’ organized by the Centre on Law & Social Transformation (CMI-Norway). The event was held in Norway on August 17.
The research is part of the comparative project Abortion Rights Lawfare in Latin America, organized by CMI-Norway, and presented the creation of a dispute surrounding the regulation of abortion, during the constituent process in the 1980’s and that continued through the following decades, involving players in favor and against abortion in different non-state and state (executive, legislative, and judiciary) arenas.
“The reconstruction of this political process shows how both sides of the dispute build their strategy in a game of action and reaction, and occupy the dispute spaces according to the perception of political opportunities,” said the professor.
The moves made in recent years have diversified the forms of organization on both sides. “The alliance between the pro-choice movement and the executive, in the first term of the Lula administration, and the advancement of public policies in this sense, provoked a reaction expressed by the strengthening of the opposing movement starting in 2006, with new features that go beyond the traditional role of the church and its traditional lobbying activities”.
Professor Machado exemplifies this new performance with the creation of bioethics societies and professional associations, which mimic the forms of organization of progressive movements and make use of the legal and human rights rhetoric.
“The moral dispute surrounding the protection of life is a huge draw for manipulation and political adhesion, at a time when Brazilian politics is going through a major crisis”, said the professor.