Study assesses Brazil’s refugee intake and impact of Venezuelan influx
The study ‘Refuge in Brazil: legal advances and bureaucratic barriers’, by FGV’s Department of Public Policy Analysis (DAPP), details how refugees are accepted and the impact of the recent flow of Venezuelans into Brazil. In light of higher requests for refuge, the study maps the administrative management of the issue and points out potential bottlenecks.
In 2016, Venezuelans became the nationality with most requests for refuge in Brazil, due to the political security, economic, and supply crisis that country is experiencing, but the National Committee for Refugees (Conare) does not recognize them as refugees, according to applicable laws. Because of this limitation, Brazil had to seek other solutions to solve two emblematic humanitarian cases in the country: the large inflow of Haitians, starting in 2010, and Venezuelans, starting in 2015, both through land borders, in different regions of Northern Brazil.
Therefore, in specific cases of humanitarian reasons, the National Immigration Council (CNIG) exceptionally grants permanent visas to Haitians and Venezuelans. The re-validation of diplomas is another issue that has also taken new directions – due to the increase in requests for refuge – through the Carolina Bori tool, launched by the Ministry of Education and also reviewed by DAPP.
Considering the interest declared by the Brazilian State on immigration for the purpose of economic development, attracting skilled labor, scientific and professional recognition, and economic integration of immigrants, the study shows that the failure to manage refuge policies is detrimental to some national interests.
“In the process of regulating the new legal framework for immigration in Brazil, the DAPP has produced a series of analyses that promote debate on the topic and point out immigration management bottlenecks in the country. This analysis in particular reveals that the delay between requests for refuge and final decisions generates a mismatch in the insertion of these individuals in the formal job market. Despite getting a temporary work permit, while the request is not decided and granted, refugee applicants cannot re-validate their professional diplomas”, said researcher Ana Guedes.
Go to the website to read the complete research article.