Learning from the achievements of China's reforms

  • Learning from the achievements of China's reforms
    • José Antonio Puppim de Oliveira

      He is a Research Professor at the Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV EAESP and FGV EBAPE). He is also a contributing professor at the Fudan University (China) and at Universidad Andina Simon Bolivar (UASB, Ecuador) as an associate researcher at the MIT Joint Program on Science and Policy for Global Change. He was the Assistant Director and Senior Researcher at the Institute for Advanced Studies on Sustainability at the United Nations University (UNU-IAS) in Japan (2009-2015). 


China has made tremendous progress as a result of reforms in the role of the State and public administration since the 1970s. As a result, more than 700 million people have gotten out of poverty. In terms of public policy, their education and urban transport systems, for instance, are among the best in the world in some cities.

They have also advanced in science and technology and industrial sophistication. However, many of these reforms are difficult to replicate in other countries due to the unique system of the Chinese State. Nevertheless, we can learn a lot from some aspects of the Chinese reforms, such as the gradual and experimental way in which the reforms are implemented.