Experts discuss impact of smart cities in emerging countries
Currently, the development of smart city projects has been common, particularly in developed countries. Nevertheless, according to Luiz Antonio Joia, professor at FGV’s Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (EBAPE) and head researcher of the Government and Electronic Business Laboratory (e:lab – FGV EBAPE), the role of similar projects in emerging countries aiming at development has not been received due attention by specialists in the area. To stimulate discussion in this regard, the Working Group 9.4 of the International Federation on Information Processing (IFIP) held, on May 1-3 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, the “15th International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries.” Promoted every two years, this year’s meeting discussed the topic “Strengthening Southern-Driven Cooperation as a Catalyst for ICT4D” (Information and Communication Technology for Development).
On the occasion, Professor Joia and Alexander Kühl, graduated from the dual Master’s degree of FGV EBAPE/Católica-Lisbon, presented the article “Smart City for Development: A conceptual model for developing countries.” The study presents an original model of deployment and evaluation of smart city projects focusing on the generation of development, which is based on the “Capability Approach” of Amartya Sen and the dynamic infoinclusion model (D2I), developed by the FGV EBAPE professor. Thus, the proposed SC4D (Smart City for Development) model encompasses the peculiarities and context existing in countries with different social, economic, political and technological realities.
“The research in question helps to understand the need to make a large number of adaptations in smart city projects designed in developed countries and transferred directly to emerging economies. The analytical model can help researchers, practitioners, policymakers, system developers and other professionals address the planning and execution of smart city projects in developing countries,” said Professor Joia.
In addition to the participation of academics from the ICT4D area, the event received experts from global development organizations, as well as policymakers at the government level.