Experts discuss regulation, federalism and education at meeting
FGV’s Rio de Janeiro Law School (Direito Rio) held the first meeting of the Center for Advanced Studies in Federalism and Educational Regulation (NEAFRE) last Friday, July 20. The meeting was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Education, the National Education Council (CNE), state and municipal education departments, as well as field experts and institutions with major roles in developing public policies within the sector. Organized by Direito Rio and supported by FGV’s Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (EBAPE), the study group carries out critical analyses of relevant regulation, federalism and education issues.
The meeting was opened by the president of FGV, professor Carlos Ivan Simonsen Leal, providing an overview of Brazil’s current education scenario. Next, the Dean of Direito Rio, Sérgio Guerra, spoke about the importance of Regulation Law in the country and the School’s pioneering stricto sensu graduate program focused on this field. According to Guerra, the center is part of the School’s research, which already advances in several fields, and now also points to one of the most important public services: regulating the education system. The professor also expressed his hopes of FGV effectively fulfilling this role through NEAFRE, contributing to the economic and social development of the country on the educational front.
The dean of EBAPE, Flavio Vasconcellos, also participated in the opening of the meeting. The professor reiterated the team’s commitment to this agenda and pointed out key aspects of public management, such as the need to consider the realities of the market when planning ahead.
Then, Daniel Vargas, a professor and researcher from Direito Rio, mentioned some of the main issues regarding the challenges that must be faced in order to improve the education system, kicking off the debate.
José Henrique Paim, a professor from EBAPE and former Minister of Education, touched upon key issues to better design Brazil’s educational system, such as implementing a common basic curriculum, teacher training, funding, and the need for efficient educational provision – besides the obvious need to regulate education.
Maria Cecilia Mattos, President of the National Council of Education Secretaries (Consed), spoke about the collaboration regime and its benefits. According to her, the main benefit is the positive impact on costs and efficiency of public spending. In addition, Mattos mentioned the reduction of inequality between federative entities and the coordination, as well as combined efforts to achieve common goals, under a common evaluation system.
Eduardo Deschamps, President of the National Education Council (CNE), ended the initial discussions by pointing out the complexity of the Brazilian system and raising important questions, such as “How to distribute the funding?”; “How to supervise a decentralized system like ours?”; and “How to intervene when the goals are not achieved?”.