FGV analyzes the profile of female candidates in the 2018 elections for the Federal Chamber

Specialists analyzed the profile of diversity in electoral campaigns, relating to the destination of available funding.
Law
03 July 2019
FGV analyzes the profile of female candidates in the 2018 elections for the Federal Chamber

The Law, Gender and Identity Group of FGV’s Sao Paulo Law School (Direito SP), in partnership with FGV’s Center of Politics and Economics of the Public Sector (CEPESP), has completed the analysis of the profile of women in the 2018 elections compared to 2014. The study will be presented this Wednesday, July 3, at FGV Direito SP.

One of the most important points, which had the most changes between the two campaigns, is campaign financing method.

“The prohibition of financing campaigns by companies, as determined by the Supreme Federal Court (STF), and the creation of the Special Fund for Campaign Financing (FEFC), by Act 13,487 of 2017, created high expectations regarding the increase of women taking office,” explained Catarina Barbieri, coordinator of the study. 

The FEFC provided a value of more than R$1.7 billion, with the commitment that 30% should be allocated to female candidates.

Regarding this topic, the data analysis concluded that 45.7% of the parties did not make it clear whether the resources should be allocated to proportional or majority candidacies.

“This ambiguity allowed many parties to consider resources intended for candidacies of women as vices or alternates, which comprise the majority of positions. When considering only proportional candidacies, roughly 62% of the parties did not meet the FEFC quota and 58% failed to fulfill the Party Fund intended for female candidates,” explains Barbieri.

The survey also found that, white men still account for 43.1% of all Federal Deputy candidates, they concentrate 60% of campaign revenues. White women, black men and black women remained underfunded. The mean total funding for white men is higher than that of the other groups.

“In this respect, the race of the candidates appears to be preponderant in relation to gender, as black men presented a total mean funding lower than that of white women, concluded the researcher.

The study also analyzed the use of Facebook as an electoral campaign tool, as well as the candidates’ political trajectory and capital.

Of the total of 26,178 suitable candidates for all positions under dispute, 31% were women. Among Federal Deputy candidates, of the 7,689 eligible candidates, 31.6% were women.

Despite the efforts, female representation in the Chamber of Deputies is still small, reaching 15% in 2018. According to the study of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, which compiles a list of the lower chambers of 193 countries, Brazil ranks 133rd, being in one of the last positions among Latin American countries.

“Only in 2018, 21 years after the promulgation of the quota act, the minimum percentage of female candidates for a federal deputy was fulfilled. Nevertheless, when analyzing the parties and coalitions individually, many have not yet cared to fulfill the electoral legislation,” concluded Luciana Ramos, coordinator of the study.

Please visit the website to access the full report.