Alliance between civilians and military in conducting defense policy

  • Alliance between civilians and military in conducting defense policy
    Author
    • Karina Furtado

      Professor for the Postgraduate Program of the Army’s School of Command and General Staff, via an agreement with FGV. PhD and MSc from FGV’s Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (FGV EBAPE), she is also a researcher for the Public Transparency Program of FGV and in the SOCIUS group of FACC/UFJF. In 2016, she was a Collaborating Researcher at the Center for Technology and Society (CTS) of FGV’s Rio de Janeiro Law School (FGV Direito Rio) in a project on corruption and transparency. Between August 2015 and August 2016, she was a visiting researcher at the University of California - San Diego for an Abroad Program (PDSE/CAPES). In April 2016, she was a visiting researcher at the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas, in Mexico City. Previously, she was a researcher for the FGV Public Transparency Program and a consultant for the National Security Archive at George Washington University. Areas of interest: transparency, accountability, civil-military relations, democratic consolidation, public policies and development.

    • Octavio Amorim Neto

      Graduated in Social Sciences from UFRJ, holds a Master’s Degree in Political Science from IUPERJ and PhD in Political Science from the University of California, San Diego campus. He is currently a full-time professor at the Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (FGV EBAPE). He has experience in the field of political science, with emphasis on comparative political institutions, Latin America, Brazilian politics, Brazilian foreign policy and civil-military relations.

    • Alvaro Cyrino

      Doctor of Business Strategy and Policy from Ecole de Hautes Etudes Commerciales. DEA in Economics and Innovation Management - Université de Technologie de Compiègne. Graduated in Business Administration from UFPR. He is currently associate professor and associate dean of FGV’s Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (FGV EBAPE). He was a professor at Fundação Dom Cabral. Researcher at the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness at Harvard Business School. Coordinator of the Competitiveness Observatory project at FGV EBAPE. Coordinator of the Pro-Strategy / Capes program at FGV EBAPE. Co-Chair of the XLVIII CLADEA Annual Assembly in 2013. Teaching, research and consulting in the following areas: Business Strategy, International Management, Implementation of Strategy and International Business.

Summary

This study set out to investigate the conduct of defense policy in Brazil and to compare Brazil’s experience with that of other nations. It used a combination of qualitative, quantitative and comparative history methodologies, as well as a seminar featuring Brazilian and foreign specialists.

The authors found evidence that an integrated arrangement of civilian-military relations, by providing a more inclusive chain of command, is more effective in strategic plans. Accordingly, the study identified the geopolitical challenges of each nation, specific institutional characteristics (such as system of government and patterns of civilian-military relations), the organization of the defense industry (its competitive advantages, scale, geographical concentration and political influence), and contexts of economic crisis and fiscal retraction, which have been recurrent since the start of the global crisis in 2008. The authors also conducted an in-depth examination of civilian-military relations and defense policy, showing the benefits of greater involvement by civilians in the development of defense policy. Looking at transformations the world went through in the defense area over the space of four years, the authors obtained a critical mass of studies to promote discussion of defense themes from a comparative perspective. The study shows that Brazil’s defense policy has been strengthened by greater involvement of civilians, and an Army School partnership has permitted exchange programs involving domestic and international education institutions and research centers, allowing the continuation of this research on strategic subjects related to the national interest.