First steps towards a national anti-corruption plan

  • First steps towards a national anti-corruption plan
    Author
    • Michael Freitas Mohallem

      Human Rights Law lecturer and coordinator of the Center for Justice and Society at FGV's Rio de Janeiro Law School (Direito Rio).  He holds an LLM in Public Law and Human Rights from University College London (UCL), and is a researcher for the Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts (ILDC, Oxford University Press).  He holds an LLB from the Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC-SP), and a PhD in Political Science from the University of Brasília (UnB). He was previously Campaigns Director for Avaaz in Brazil, and legal advisor for the Brazilian Senate and Brazilian Ministry of Justice.

Summary

According to the researcher, the permanent confrontation of corruption in Brazil depends on the meeting of interests and institutional competencies. The conditions for the innumerable organs forming the national integrity system to combine efforts are not simple to achieve. This is the purpose of the study developed by FGV Direito Rio and sponsored by the Prosperity Fund of the United Kingdom: present the institutional diagnosis of part of the Brazilian anti-corruption structure and thereby contribute to the foundations of the expected National Anti-Corruption Plan.

This interdisciplinary research effort has combined (1) the analysis of anti-corruption experience in the United Kingdom over the last ten years; 2) the evaluation of Brazil's legislative and institutional evolution in the fight against corruption; 3) the study on the judicial instruments and respective responses of the Supreme Court and STJ on the investigation and punishment of crimes against the Public Administration and of administrative improbity; 4) the evaluation of transparency in bidding processes in prefectures and courts of accounts and, finally; 5) the analysis of the current proposals of the National Congress in response to the popular expectation of fighting corruption.