- Selective Marriage and Income Inequality
From the analysis of demographic census data from 1970 to 2010, evidence was found that people have married more and more partners with similar characteristics in the last 40 years. This social phenomenon is called, in this article, the growth of selective marriage (or, also, fall in conjugal diversity).
The increase of the number of selective marriages, in principle, is not capable of adversely affecting the rent inequality. However, when some counterfactual exercises are performed, it is possible to perceive that the improvement in the distribution of income, occurred in this period,
Which could have been even greater if this trend in the marriage market had not occurred.
Individual decisions, such as marriage, divorce, fecundity and education, directly affect the demographic dynamics of a country and are related to macroeconomic variables (such as per capita income and social inequality). The interest in understanding how demographic changes and income inequality relate has been growing in the literature.