Tools to control and mitigate the impacts of large-scale projects

  • Tools to control and mitigate the impacts of large-scale projects
    Author
    • Flavia Scabin

      Professor and researcher at the FGV’s Sao Paulo Law School, where she coordinates the Human Rights and Business Research Group. She holds a degree in law from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC-SP) and holds a master's degree in Political Science from the Faculty of Philosophy, Letters and Human Sciences of the University of São Paulo (FFLCH/USP), having taken a specialization course at the European University Center.

    • Malak Poppovic

      She was the coordinator of the Human Rights and Business Research Group of the Law School of São Paulo (FGV Direito SP).

    • Tamara Brezighello Hojaij

      Bachelor in Law from FGV’s Sao Paulo Law School (FGV Direito SP). She has been a researcher at the Human Rights and Business Research Group of the same institution since 2013. She has experience in the area of human rights, with a focus on human rights and business, and administrative law. She speaks fluent English and Italian. She holds a translator/interpreter diploma in Italian/Portuguese and Portuguese/Italian.

    • Daniela Jerez

      Graduated in Law from USP. She is currently a researcher at the Human Rights and Business Research Group (GPDHeE) of FGV’s Sao Paulo Law School (FGV Direito SP). She has experience in the area of Environmental Law and Human Rights, with an emphasis on local development and sustainability.

    • Martina Bergues

      Graduated in International Relations from PUC - SP, in Social Sciences from USP and holds a Master’s in Public Administration and Government from Fundação Getulio Vargas. Currently, she is a Public Policy and Government Management Analyst at the São Paulo City Hall. She has experience in the area of Public Administration, with emphasis on the study of bureaucracies, intergovernmental management and intergovernmental relations.

    • Juliana Vinuto

      Graduated in Social Sciences and holds a Master’s in Sociology, both from USP. PhD student in the Graduate Program in Sociology and Anthropology, UFRJ, with a one-year PhD traineeship at the Center de Recherche Sociologique sur le Droit et les Institutions Pénales (CESDIP - France). Member of the Nucleus of Studies on Citizenship, Conflict and Urban Violence (NECVU) and the Nucleus of Law Anthropology (NADIR-USP). Since the beginning of 2018, she has been working as an educator for adolescents in compliance with socio-educational measures of internment by Rede Emancipa - Social Movement of Popular Education. She is interested in the area of Sociology, with emphasis on the following topics: social control, punishment, forms of criminalization; incarceration; State.

Summary

In order to produce recommendations on how to prevent impacts of the implementation and operation of large projects on the rights of children and adolescents, this study looked at three major 2014 Soccer World Cup stadium construction projects in the cities of São Paulo, Manaus and Natal. It considered impacts on the rights of children and adolescents, and the responsibilities of stakeholders in the different stages involving planning, funding, licensing and implementation.

In all, there were 74 interviews with different stakeholders (public officials, civil society and companies), two working groups with companies, and eight focus groups with adolescents who live near the Corinthians, Amazônia and Dunas stadiums.

We developed a detailed matrix to evaluate the impacts of business activities on children and adolescents, involving three stages: (1) preparation (definition of scope, resources, team, schedule, materials and strategic partners to evaluate the impact of a given operation); (2) identification of impacts and risks via a diagnosis of the human rights situation of the region and production chain; and (3) management of priorities (choice of actions and rights that need to be addressed the most urgently and then verification of the company’s responsibilities in relation to the impacts).

The conclusion was that the analyzed construction projects had impacts on the rights of children and adolescents in areas such as sexual exploitation, drug consumption and trafficking, truancy, inappropriate and illegal work situations, and the rupture of neighborhood relationships. Child and adolescent support services were also overloaded, there were not enough measures to prevent adverse impacts, and communities participated little in decisions.