Michel Temer talks about the 1988 Constitution in FGV's Aula Magna in Rio de Janeiro

07 Março 2013

Today, March 7, Fundação Getulio Vargas welcomed Brazil?s President-in-office, Michel Temer, for the joint Aula Magna of DIREITO RIO, EBAPE and FGV In Company, with the topic The Constitution of 1988, 25 years later.


After the introduction of the President of Fundação Getulio Vargas, Carlos Ivan Simonsen Leal, and the lawyer, professor at EAESP and Institutional Relations Coordinator of In Company, Eugênio Franco Montoro, Temer explained to the students, professors and authorities present about the foundation of the 1988 Constitution - also known as Citizen Constitution - and the stability of the Brazilian democratic state. October 10, 1988 (enactment date of the Charter) is the birth of the Brazilian State in legal terms. This day the country's Magna Law, which determines the conduct of executive, legislative and judicial powers, was born, he highlighted.


According to him, the main achievement of the 1988 Constitution is the union as a Liberal State, which guarantees the freedom of individuals, and a Welfare State - whose concerns of security and well-being go back to the German minister Otto von Bismarck in the late nineteenth century. The President-in-office pointed out that, since there is no discrepancy between the Constitution text and its application in reality, the Brazilian State does not undergo an institutional crisis. There must be a lot of responsibility, including conceptual, when using the term 'crisis', he advised when he criticized the everyday use of the word.


Temer further remembered that the stability provided by the Magna Law allows the country to develop, assuring the population the fundamental rights contained in its preamble. The stabilization of the currency and the social programs such as 'Bolsa Família', for example, took millions out of poverty and into the middle class, and now they live with dignity. However, according to him, this fact raises an interesting political phenomenon. The social rise makes individuals more demanding, and the public policies must incorporate such concerns, at the risk of creating an institutional instability, he warned.


Michel Temer was also welcomed by lawyer and former president of the Federal Supreme Court, Ellen Gracie; Former Defense Minister, Nelson Jobim; Court Judge, Leila Mariano; FGV's Board of Directors; and by undergraduate coordinators.


In 2010, Michel Temer was elected, with Dilma Rousseff, as Vice-President of the Republic of Brasil. Lawyer and Professor of Constitutional Law, Temer was attorney general of São Paulo, Public Security Secretary of São Paulo, state government secretary, Member of the Lower House for the PMDB political party and federal deputy for the same party - of which he is the current President.

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