Crise na Venezuela

  • Crise na Venezuela
    Autor
    • Oliver Stuenkel

      Professor adjunto de Relações Internacionais na FGV em São Paulo, onde coordena a Escola de Ciências Sociais da Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV CPDOC) e o MBA em Relações Internacionais. Também é non-resident fellow no Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) em Berlim e membro do Carnegie Rising Democracies Network. Sua pesquisa lida com potências emergentes, especificamente o Brasil, a Índia, a China e seus impactos sobre a goverança global. Graduação pela Universidade de Valência, na Espanha, Mestrado em Políticas Públicas pela Kennedy School of Government de Harvard University, onde foi McCloy Scholar, e Doutorado em Ciência Política pela Universidade de Duisburg-Essen, na Alemanha.

Resumo

Venezuela is being rocked by its worst political and economic crisis in more than a decade. A humanitarian crisis is taking shape in a country that has among the largest proven oil reserves in the world. With President Nicolás Maduro having neutralized the oposition-dominated National Assembly elected in December 2015 and decimated the judiciary's independence, a negotiated, democratic solution to the crisis looks increasingly remote.

Given that Venezuela seems unable to overcome its internal divisions alone, external actors will be vital in influencing how the crisis unfolds. Yet the crisis has erupted at a moment when Latin American government's interest and capacity to engage in Venezuela are limited. While the Maduro government has fewer regional allies than his predecessor Hugo Chávez could count on, governments in the region are doing litle to defend democratic governance in Venezuela. Despite much pro-democracy rhetoric and some meditation efforts, they seem content to let Venezuela find its own way out of the crisis - whether this means an abrupt collapse of the authoritarian government or a prolongation of its increasingly heavy-handed rule.